MAZDA 323 repair manual ›

The Mazda Familia, also marketed as the Mazda 323 and the Mazda Protegé, is a tiny family car that has been manufactured by Mazda between 1963 and 2003. The Familia line was replaced by the Mazda3/Axela for 2004.

It was marketed as the Familia in Japan. In the export, earlier models had been marketed with nameplates these include: 800, 1000, 1200, and 1300. In south America, the 1200 was replaced by the GLC, with latest models becoming 323 and Protegé. In Europe, all models after 1977 were labeled as 323. In Southern area The african continent, it is marketed once the Étude, and in Colombia the 8th generation was called fast.

The Familia was also rebranded as the Ford Laser and Ford Meteor in Asia, Oceania, some Latin American countries and, from 1991, once the Ford Escort and Mercury Tracer in North America.

Familias were manufactured in Hiroshima, Japan and were additionally assembled in various states for instance Malaysia, Taiwan, South Africa, Colombia, and New Zealand.

Mazda's automotive plans for the early sixties consisted of growing alongside the Japanese economy. To obtain this goal, they started off by building a very low cost Kei auto, the R360 in 1960, thinking on introducing progressively pricier and much larger cars as the Japanese clientele became able to afford them. As a preview, testing the waters, a heavier "Mazda 700" model was shown at the 8th Tokyo Motor Show in 1961, and formed the basis for the upcoming Mazda Familia. Meanwhile, the a little much more upmarket Mazda Carol appeared in 1962.

Familia 800 Van

The first production Familia, styled by young Giorgetto Giugiaro while operating at Carrozzeria Bertone, appeared in October 1963. In level with Mazda's policy of only gradually nearing the creation of private cars (a luxury in Japan at the time), the first Familia had been initially exclusively available as a commercial two-door wagon called the Familia Van. The van was joined in Apr 1964 by a plusher Familia Wagon, in October by a 4-door sedan, as well as in Nov by a two-door sedan. The "Flat Deck" design of the car forms was reportedly inspired by the Chevrolet Corvair. Secret car versions obtained foglights in the grille as well as more chrome trim. The Familia ended up being sold in other markets once the 800.

The trucks used a 782 cc, "SA" four-stroke aluminum inline-four engine, also known as the "White Engine". There was also a pickup version available from November 1964.

An all brand new Familia 1000 Coupé arrived in November 1965, with a 985 cc SOHC "PC" engine. Around the exact same time, the 800 engine would be improved, adding three extra horsepower. As a multitude of the latest 1 liter vehicles were introduced by Mazda's competitors, another 987 cc OHV engine (PB) appeared in January 1967, energizing brand-new 1000 Sedan and Van versions. The 1 liter sedans and vans are usually recognizable by her or his broader, rounded-off rectangular headlights. Production of the sedan ongoing until November 1967, as the Van versions continued until they were replaced in February 1968. Around 400,000 of the first Familia were built, 130,473 of which were sedans and coupés. Around 10,000 of the first generation Familia were exported, mainly to Australia and Oceania.

The new Familia appeared in 1967 with the same pushrod 987 cc engine as used in the previous generation sedans. It was sold as the Mazda 1000 in some markets. A larger 1,169 cc I4 engined version came along later, becoming the Mazda 1200 for export. Along with this form, the car was initially exhibited in collection during the 1968 Paris Motor Show in the Autumn/Fall of that year.

From 1970 on the Familia has also been available with the brand-new overhead camshaft 1.3 L TC engine, derived from the smaller 1 liter OHC engine already seen in the first generation Familia Coupé. This, delivered as the Mazda 1300, replaced the 1200 model in most markets. The coupé and car were changed inside the fall of 1973, but the truck and wagon/van versions continued with little change. The vans and pickup trucks actually soldiered on until 1978, by which time a Van/Wagon version of the succeeding FA4 Familia (323/GLC) had been introduced. The later pickup versions were also available in a long-wheelbase version, and featured a 85 PS (63 kW) (SAE) type of the 1.3-litre TC engine, unaffected by the tighter Japanese wastes measures for passenger cars.


1968–1973 – 1.0 L (987 cc) PB I4, 50 hp (37 kW; 51 PS) / 56 lb·ft (76 N·m)

1968–1970 – 1.2 L (1,169 cc) TB I4, 58 hp (43 kW; 59 PS) / 94 lb·ft (127 N·m)

1970–1973 – 1.3 L (1,272 cc) TC I4, 2 barrel, 69 horsepower (51 kW; 70 PS) / 67 lb·ft (91 N·m)

The "1200" was offered within the United reports in 1971 and again for the 1973 model year. The 1971 version was the first piston-powered Familia sold in the United States and arrived alongside its rotary R100 counterpart in two- and four-door forms. It was switched by the somewhat larger 808 (Grand Familia) the next year. The 1200 model returned for 1973 once the base-model economy Mazda. The service then focused on performance for the next 2 yrs, dropping the economy car. Following the gas problems the two delivered to the economy sector with the Mizer in 1976, a rebadged 808.

Engine (US):

1971, 1973 – 1.2 L (1,169 cc) I4, 58 hp (43 kW; 59 PS) / 69 lb·ft (94 N·m)

In 1968 Mazda added a Familia Rotary model to the range, available in both two-door coupé and four-door sedan variants. The Familia Rotary was powered by a 2 x 491 cc 10A Rotary system and the coupé version was sold away from Japan as the Mazda R100. Creation closed in 1973.

The Sep 1973 Familia Presto (FA3) was an modified version of the second generation Mazda Familia, with somewhat wider bodywork and reworked front and rear designs. These changes are made and then the coupé and sedans, with the van/wagon and trucks retaining the original bodywork. Developed to satisfy brand new stricter emissions standards in the domestic market, the Presto presented the 1,272 cc TC engine or the by now familiar pushrod 1 liter PB unit. Electricity results in Japan (gross) were 83 PS (61 kW) and 62 ps3 (46 kW) respectively. The Rotary Coupé was discontinued, having been replaced by the bigger Grand Familia-based RX-3/Savanna.

Creation of the second generation Familia terminated in January 1977, but not before another minor face lift and emissions scrubbing had taken place in February 1976. After this change, only the bigger engine was open, now with a ps3 and labelled Familia voila 1300AP (for "stop Pollution").

he Familia AP (323 in most of the Great, GLC or world Little Car in North America) debuted in January 1977 as a rear-wheel-drive subcompact, replacing both the Grand Familia (818) and the preceding Familia (1000/1300). There was a choice of hatchbacks and station wagon physiques, both provided with a 3- or 5-door bodystyle. The location Wagon/Van version was a bit after, first being introduced in June 1978, which also meant that the commercial versions based on the 1970 Familia could finally be retired. Three Mazda engines were ready, the 985 cc PC, 1,272 cc TC, or 1,415 cc UC. The small one-liter unit was merely made for export markets. The new Familia shared many parts with the older Mazda Grand Familia. This had been the first appearance of the 323 name, for export markets solely.

In June 1979 the 323/Familia underwent a facelift, replacing the previous round headlights with rectangular units which were designed as a single unit along with the grille. Alternative minor differences occurred along with the facelift. In South Africa a 1,600 cc product was available – but this model had definitely not have a Mazda engine, unlike the rest of the range. To fulfill that country's local content regulations, a Mitsubishi Saturn 1.6-litre device was used.

The range was switched in 1980, however the station wagon models continued in production until 1986. In 1981 a facelift was presented with to the wagon range, to give a front end treatment similar to Mazda's front-wheel drive 323/Familia range.

It ended up being available in several body variants:

Five-door four-seat line.

Three-door four-seat line.

Five-door four-seat station wagon (also as a van in Japan).

Three-door four-seat station wagon.

Three-door two-seat van with an extended roof profile.


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